Newer innovations enter the market rapidly and bring better features and functionality. With so many options, choosing the best solar panel can leave you in a confused state. Generally, solar systems are of three kinds, monocrystalline, polycrystalline, and thin film. Where each of them serves the same purpose, they vary in characteristics.
This blog aims to give you a better understanding of one of these solar panels, i.e., monocrystalline solar panels. By the time you finish reading this post, you will be able to find yourself an affordable monocrystalline solar panel price.
A Brief on Monocrystalline Solar Panels
Monocrystalline solar cells make up of a monocrystalline-based solar panel. Another name for these panels is a single crystalline silicon solar panel. For manufacturing these panels, silicon ingot, cylindrical in shape, is put to use.
This silicon ingot develops from one crystal of silicon that is highly pure, similar to a semiconductor. The electrons can move freely due to more space since only one crystal exists in a cell. Further, to form cells, the cylindrical ingot is divided into wafers.
You can increase the cells’ effectiveness and maintain costs by wire-cutting the circular wafers into an octagonal shape. As a result, the octagonal shape makes them look different. Further, a mono solar panel is recognizable for its consistent dark black surface color.
Formation of Monocrystalline Solar Panels
The formation of monocrystalline solar panels offers it its name. An individual silicon crystal forms the silicon wafer. This silicon wafer is then present in every single solar cell. The Czochralski method works towards producing an individual crystal.
The method follows placing a seed crystal inside a molten silicon container at an extreme temperature. The molten silicon then envelops the seed to create one giant crystal. This crystal, or ingot, is later cut to produce thin wafers for making solar cells.
Based on how lard a solar panel is, a single monocrystalline panel contains between 60 to 72 cells. For residential purposes, most solar panels have 60.
How Do Monocrystalline Solar Panels Operate?
During the daytime, their silicon cells assimilate the sunlight when the sunlight hits the monocrystalline panels. These cells conserve space and are high in purity. As a result, it produces an electric field within a conductor. Next, the electric field generates electricity via a complicated physical process.
The current and voltage make up the electric field and produce power. The equation which governs this is Power (P) = Voltage (V) x Current (I). You can either supply devices with this power that require direct electric current to operate or cover it with alternating electric current with the help of an inverter.
Different Available Mono Solar Panel Categories
Today, several individuals install solar panels to utilize electricity in a budget-friendly manner. Before searching for the best monocrystalline solar panel price, learn about its different types. You can select the most suitable option that fits your home.
Typically, two types of mono solar panels are available and are very distinctive. These are as follows:
Mono PERC Solar Panel:
The solar field recently came out with PERC cells, forming the monocrystalline PERC solar panels. These are the latest and most powerful. PERC is short for ‘Passivated Emitter and Rear Contact’ and aims to raise conversion efficiency. It is done by including a dielectric passivation layer on the cell’s rear.
The PERC technology also keeps extended wavelengths from converting into heat to save the performance of the cells. It is suitable for a smaller roof and lowers the cost and time of installation.
Bifacial Solar Panel:
The second type is a bifacial solar panel which is a better option than conventional solar panels. It absorbs solar energy from dual sides for enhanced power generation. Generally, a regular solar panel’s front side consumes the sunlight and reflects the rest.
But a bifacial panel can use both sides to increase the power supply. To increase the supply of these mono solar panels by 30 percent, you can install them on a surface with maximum reflection. You can find these types in several designs, such as frameless, with the frame, black sheets, and dual glass.
The bifacial solar panels work efficiently in low light and produce high energy. They also offer reduced temperature coefficients and are cost-effective.
Monocrystalline Solar Panels Key Features
Monocrystalline solar panels have taken over the solar panel market by storm. The other options fail to defeat the mono panels, making them the most popular and efficient. To understand this better, let us look at their essential features.
- A mono solar panel can absorb more sunlight because of its pyramid pattern of panel cells, which provide a bigger surface.
- Monocrystalline solar panels have higher efficiency when compared to other solar panels and generate more power. Given their special and sophisticated arrangement, it is especially true for bifacial solar panel types.
- For forming an electrically negative orientation, phosphorus is present over the panel’s top surface. As a result, the bottom orientation is electrically positive. Thus, it assists in producing an electric field.
- Monocrystalline solar panels use pure crystals of silicon. As a result, when generating power, this purity ensures the solar panel is efficient and more powerful.
- They have a better appearance than poly solar panels.
- Silicon nitride covers its cells to increase energy absorption and lower the reflection of sunlight.
- Unlike polycrystalline solar panels, these panels are space efficient and require less space. As a result, you can save up on roof space with this solar panel system.
- The cells integrated into the metal conductors help collect the generated electricity.
- Some solar panels, like poly solar panels, do not last long. However, the mono panels are durable, given the superior quality materials used to manufacture them. Additionally, over a 25-year warranty is available with these solar panels.
Monocrystalline solar panels are gaining more and more popularity. They are known for their increased efficiency and space-efficient characteristics. They can absorb more energy and last longer than most solar panels. To select the best option, you must choose between its types, PERC, and bifacial mono solar panels.
These solar panels are effective for building solar rooftops. Some are good enough to charge your laptops, phones, and camera. You can invest in higher-generating mono solar panels to power your refrigerators and ovens.